August 14, 2011
Christianity tells us that we are all sinners and doomed to Hell, unless we accept Jesus as our Savior. The reason we are doomed is that we are all sinners. The Apostle Paul says in Rom 5:12:
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
The reason that we are all sinners is that we “inherit” the “Original Sin” of Adam. As sinners we deserve death. Only Jesus’ death could atone for Original Sin.
That puts Christians in an awkward position.
Christians have to hold that there really was an Adam and Eve and a talking Serpent in the Garden of Eden. They have to accept the creation story of Genesis. Most Christians have abandoned this position in favor of concepts like “divinely guided evolution”. A few Christians still argue in favor of creation a la Genesis but the arguments have been exposed over and over as baseless dogma and have rapidly lost traction among all but the most fundamentalist of Christians.
Or, Christians can accept evolution, even if they qualify it as divinely guided evolution. Then there was no Adam in a garden with Trees of Life and Knowledge. If there is no Adam, there is no Original Sin. There is only our nature (is it sinful?). And our nature is the product of evolution (is it divinely guided?). If there is no Original Sin, then why did Jesus die?
August 3, 2011
According to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, there is no such thing as absolute zero energy (also called vacuum energy) in infinite space for infinite time. In fact, energy fluctuations in empty space cause virtual particles to spontaneously come into existence all the time. According to Lawrence Krauss, virtual particles account for most of the mass in the universe (see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ImvlS8PLIo&feature=relmfu)
If it is impossible for energy not to exist, then by definition energy is necessary. Therefore God is not necessary for the existence of energy.
If energy is the cause of virtual particles, then virtual particles are contingent upon virtual energy and not upon God. Virtual particles are a type of matter. Then God is not necessary for the existence of all matter. If Krauss is right, that virtual particles make up most of the mass of the universe, then God is not necessary for the existence of most of the matter in the universe.
Edward P. Tryon proposed back in 1973 that the entire universe was the result of a large-scale energy fluctuation. Work to understand how the matter we observe can come into existence from energy fluctuations is still underway. A new class of high-energy experiments will shed new light on this question now that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is online. Rather than speculating now that all matter is contingent on energy and not on God, let’s stop here and be content to narrow God’s gap. In the mean time, we’ll continue to ask theists to justify their special pleading when they claim that “everything is contingent… except God.”